After the collapse of the Soviet Union, manifestations of state-supported anti-Semitism disappeared in Europe, but it was replaced by the so-called political anti-Semitism – the use of anti-Semitic rhetoric by politicians to win the sympathy of voters, wrote President of the Jewish Confederation of Ukraine Boris Lozhkin on Facebook.
Despite only few instances of physical violence against Jews and acts of vandalism, general sentiment in Europe, as a result of insufficient counteraction to political anti-Semitism, paints a threatening picture: one in four Europeans today hold anti-Semitic views. This data is provided by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) in its report Choosing Antisemitism: Instrumentalization and Tolerance of Antisemitism in Contemporary European Politics.
ADL calls the significant increase in anti-Semitic sentiment in the UK in 2015-2020 as the most typical example of political anti-Semitism. On the eve of the elections at the end of 2019, the number of British Jews who were going to leave the country reached 47%, or about 90,000 people.
A similar surge in anti-Semitic sentiments was also noted in Poland on the eve of the 2019 presidential elections, when polls showed anti-Semitic sentiments among 48% of the population – the highest rate in Europe.
The exact opposite was the situation in Ukraine, where anti-Semitic rhetoric was not used in the 2019 elections. At the same time, along with the political manifestation of anti-Semitism, the ADL calls the trivialization of the Holocaust as another manifestation of the anti-Semitism today. The Anti-Defamation League also considers the glorification of some heroes in the struggle for independence, in isolation from their participation in the extermination of Jews, as a veiled manifestation of anti-Semitism.